With recent demonstration of quantum computing and quantum communication, quantum information science has been changing our world in an unprecedented way. To fully explore the power of quantum information processing, it is important to further combine discrete quantum elements and build distributed quantum networks. However, this poses significant technical challenges because quantum coherence can be easily destroyed as the signal propagates through different systems.
In the race of post-CMOS computing technologies, coherent information processing with microwave circuits have demonstrated great potentials with the recent breakthrough in quantum computing, where both the quanta and the phase of the excitation states can be utilized for carrying and processing information. As one of the candidate excitations for coherent information processing, magnons are collective excitations of exchange-coupled spins in magnetic materials with the natural frequency lying in the microwave regime.
The anomalous Hall effect, discovered by Edwin Hall in 1880, describes a phenomenon that an electric current perpendicular to magnetization of a magnetic material can produce a charge accumulation in the direction orthogonal to both electric current and magnetization. Through century-long theoretical and experimental efforts, it is now understood that the anomalous Hall effect arises from the spin-orbit coupling.