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Vesna F Mitrovic
Study of the combined effects of strong electronic correlations with spin-orbit coupling (SOC) represents a central issue in quantum materials research. Predicting emergent properties represents a huge theoretical problem since the presence of SOC implies that the spin is not a good quantum number. Existing theories propose the emergence of a multitude of exotic quantum phases, distinguishable by either local point symmetry breaking or local spin expectation values, even in materials with simple cubic crystal structure such as Ba2NaOsO6. Experimental tests of these theories by local probes are highly sought for. Our local measurements designed to concurrently probe spin and orbital/lattice degrees of freedom of Ba2NaOsO6 provide such tests [1]. We show that a canted ferromagnetic phase which is preceded by local point symmetry breaking is stabilized at low temperatures, as predicted by quantum theories involving multipolar spin interactions [3]. Specifically, we find that the ferromagnetic state is in fact a type of canted ferromagnet with two sub-lattice magnetization, and that cubic symmetry breaking occurs at a temperature above the Néel temperature and it involves deformation of oxygen octahedra presumably reflecting a complicated pattern of staggered orbital order. Our findings are in startlingly good agreement with theoretical predictions based on quantum models [3]. Thus, our results, to be presented, establish that such quantum models represent an appropriate theoretical framework for predicting emergent properties in materials with both strong correlations and SOC, in general. [1] L. Lu, M. Song, W. Liu, A. P. Reyes, P. Kuhns, H. O. Lee, I. R. Fisher, and V. F. Mitrovic, Nature Communications, 8, 14407 (2017). [2] W. Liu, R. Cong, A. P. Reyes, I. R. Fisher, and V. F. Mitrović, Phys. Rev. B, 97, 224103 (2018). [3] G. Chen, R. Pereira, and L. Balents, Phys. Rev. B, 82, 174440 (2010).