PIRA Code(s): 3D32.15 Set up time:No setup required. Operation: First, slide blow into the mouthpiece located at the top of the whistle. Next, move the piston to create different frequencies. If you have trouble moving the piston and blowing into the whistle simultaneously, have another person work the piston. Physics and Science Concepts: Waves, Oscillations, Frequency, Pitch Safety: Do not blow too hard or for extended periods of time as this may cause dizziness or headaches. Clean the mouthpiece in between use.
PIRA Code(s): 4A30.10 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Use a Bunsen burner to heat a bimetal strip and it will bend Physics and Science Concepts: Thermodynamics, Thermal Properties of Matter, Thermal Expansion Safety: Use caution when dealing with the Bunsen burner. Bunsen burner not included.
PIRA Code(s): 4C33.50 Set up time:No setup required Operation: Hold one bulb in your hand so that it forces the liquid to enter the other bulb. Physics and Science Concepts: Change of State, Vapor Pressure Safety: Do not grasp too tightly as the glass may break.
PIRA Code(s): 4E30.10 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Fill sphere with water and submerge in buckets of water or liquid nitrogen at different temperatures. Dewar of liquid nitrogen and bucket can be obtained in the physics machine shop. Physics and Science Concepts: Gas Laws, Thermodynamics Safety: Always wear protective clothing when handling liquid nitrogen.
PIRA Code(s): 5A50.10 Set up time:2 minutes Operation: Place the four (two large, two small) balls on the poles in the front about 1 inch apart. Turn the crank. Physics and Science Concepts: Electrostatics Safety: Do not touch any metal portions of the generator
PIRA Code(s): 5F20.50 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: First, attach the metal rods to the battery by unscrewing the black caps and place the rods around the screws. Then replace the caps. Next, clip one light bulb on the metal rods to show a circuit with a single light bulb. To show series circuits, clip two bulbs together and place the end of each clip on opposite rods. To show parallel circuits, clip each bulb separately to the rods. The bulbs in series will glow less brightly than the bulbs in parallel. Physics and Science Concepts: Parallel and series circuits Safety: The ends of the rods pose an eye hazard.
PIRA Code(s): 5G50.50 Set up time:2 minutes Operation: A superconductor disc is placed in a styrofoam dish and liquid nitrogen is added to the dish. A small magnet is placed on top and within a few seconds it begins to levitate. Physics and Science Concepts: Superconductivity, Magnetic Materials Safety: Liquid Nitrogen can be obtained from the machine shop.
PIRA Code(s): 5H30.10 Set up time:2 minutes Operation: Plug in the cathode ray tube. Deflect the beam of the CRT by holding a permanent magnet near the edge of the tube. If the beam disappears, you are holding the magnet too close. Also, you can deflect the beam by attaching a battery to the binding posts and adjusting the variable control knob. Physics and Science Concepts: Magnetic Fields and Forces Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 5K20.10 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Set up the pole with the right angle clamp and pendulum. Place the permanent magnet so that the copper sheet is in between the two magnet sides. Swing the full copper sheet swing through the magnet. Watch as it damps out quickly. The, flip the pendulum so that the copper comb side is swinging through the magnet. Watch how it swings as if the magnet is not even there. Physics and Science Concepts: Electromagnetic Induction, Eddy Currents Safety: Stand to the side of the pendulum as it swings, not directly in the path.
PIRA Code(s): 6D20.10 Set up time:none Operation: For best results, observe the sun, moon, or fluorescent lights through the films. Physics and Science Concepts: Optics, Light Spectrum Safety: Keep fingerprints off film.
PIRA Code(s): 6D30.10 Set up time:none Operation: Shine light through the rings so that they are reflected onto a wall. An overhead is good for this. Turn the screws on the frame to change the interference pattern. Physics and Science Concepts: Interference Safety: Over head projector may be obtained from demo 9A36.10.