PIRA Code(s): 1C20.10 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Tip the tube with penny and feather upside down. The penny will fall faster than the feather. Then, use the pump to evacuate all of the air. Like before, turn the tube upside down and the two objects will fall at the same rate. Physics and Science Concepts: Uniform Acceleration, Mechanics, Gravity Safety: Do not crack tube.
Must check out demonstration 3B30.30 to obtain and use pump.
PIRA Code(s): 1D60.10 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Press down on the inside of the cup. Turn the cart over, and stick the pin in the hole that protrudes from the bottom of the cart. Place the ball inside the cup. Then, push the car at a constant velocity as you gently pull the string. The ball should pop up and land in the cup again. Physics and Science Concepts: Mechanics, Motion in Two Dimensions, Projectile Motion Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 1D60.20 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Mount apparatus to ring stand using clamp, adjust until apparatus is horizontal, cock the apparatus spring, and place the masses (one at the end of the apparatus and one on the bar that extends from the apparatus), release, and one ball will fall from rest (hung on the rod) while the other ball is struck by the rod and has an initial horizontal velocity. The balls should hit the table at the same time, which can be heard clearly by students. Repeat by cocking spring to different compression. Repeat by clamping apparatus at a different height to show that height has no effect on the simultaneity of the fall. Physics and Science Concepts: Projectile Motion Safety: Once spring is compressed, do not put hands in front of the end of the rod.
PIRA Code(s): 1D60.30 Set up time:10 minutes Operation: Set up two ring stands about 8 feet apart. Put the blow gun in the clamp on one stand with the power cords to the inside of the set up. Attach the pole with the magnet to the other ring stand. Place the ball into the blow gun. Switch the power supply on which connects the circuit and then place the monkey (band aid box) on to the magnet, upside down. Make sure the blow gun is aimed directly at the broad side of the monkey. Now, blow into the blow gun to release the ball and break the circuit, thus causing the monkey to fall. The ball should hit the monkey as it falls. Physics and Science Concepts: Projectile Motion, Gravity, and Mechanics Safety: Do not turn power supply on before inserting the ball into the blow gun, due to possible electrocution.
Not all pieces (ring stand, 5 V ½ Amp DC power supply, and clamps) are in the kit, these items need to be acquired.
PIRA Code(s): 1M20.10 Set up time:none Operation: These may be used by themselves or with other demonstrations. Physics and Science Concepts: Mechanics, Mechanical Advantage, Simple Machines Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 1M40.10 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Hook the bowling ball onto the chain. Pull the bowling ball back until it reaches your nose. Release the ball and do not move. Let the ball come back and show how it will not reach your nose again. *For use in lecture room 131. Physics and Science Concepts: Mechanics, Work and Energy Safety: Do not give the ball an initial velocity or move forward once the ball is release. Warning: it’s hard not to flinch.
PIRA Code(s): 1M40.20 Set up time:none Operation: Place ball at the top of track and let it fall. To show students the minimum height required to loop the loop, place the ball on the track at a height that is about double the height of the loop. Physics and Science Concepts: Mechanics, Work and Energy, Conservation of Energy, Centripetal Force Safety: Do not stand where the ball exits the track.
PIRA Code(s): 1N30.10 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Pull back a number of balls and let them collide with the other balls, allowing the same number of balls to be released on the other side. Physics and Science Concepts: Conservation of linear momentum Safety: Align the balls for the best results. Do not allow the strings to tangle.
PIRA Code(s): 1Q40.23 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Place the shaft of the device into the hole and tighten the screw. Then, plug in the motor and turn on the red switch. When spun, the hoops will show oblation, the balls on the governor will move outwards, and the liquid in the glass sphere will move to the edge of the sphere. Physics and Science Concepts: Rotational Dynamics, Centrifugal Force, Oblation Safety: Wear goggles when running the apparatus and keep hands away from the belt.
PIRA Code(s): 1Q40.30, 1Q50.24 Set up time:3 minutes Operation: Stand on the stool as it remains still. Have someone start the motor and place the bicycle wheel next to it to get it to start spinning. Take the spinning wheel in your hands and turn the wheel in a horizontal position and you should spin. When the wheel is placed vertical again, you will spin the opposite direction.
Use the motor to start the wheel spinning. Hold on to the cord attached to the axle and the wheel will remain vertical. Physics and Science Concepts: Mechanics, Rotational Dynamics Safety: Do not get items caught in the motor or the spokes of the tire. Hold wheel out from the body as far as possible
PIRA Code(s): 1Q40.40 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Place the train on the track. Plug the track into the variac and start the train by moving the dial. Physics and Science Concepts: Mechanics, Angular Momentum, Rotational Dynamics, Angular Momentum, Relative Motion Safety: Watch for sparks from the train. Maintain a cautious distance from the wheel.
PIRA Code(s): 1Q40.42 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Instructions included in box. Must obtain ring stand and clamp from 9C40.71 and 9C40.72, respectively. A known weight attached to a string around the wheel torques the wheel a constant amount. Physics and Science Concepts: Moment of Inertia, Mechanics Safety: Use caution around spinning wheel.
PIRA Code(s): 1Q40.80 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Partially fill flask with water. Attach flask by string to ring stand. Then, use a Bunsen burner or a torch to heat the flask. The flask should rotate as the steam emerges from the arm. Physics and Science Concepts: Rotational Dynamics, Conservation of Angular Momentum, Safety: Use caution around Bunsen burner or torch. Do not overheat the glass as it may shatter. Eye protection should be worn. The torch can be acquired from the machine shop if necessary.
PIRA Code(s): 3A10.20 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Move the weight along the hacksaw blade. Pull back on the blade and release. When the weight is at the top of the blade the frequency is smaller compared to when the weight is at the bottom. Physics and Science Concepts: Oscillations Safety: Edge of blade may be sharp.
PIRA Code(s): 4A30.10 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Use a Bunsen burner to heat a bimetal strip and it will bend Physics and Science Concepts: Thermodynamics, Thermal Properties of Matter, Thermal Expansion Safety: Use caution when dealing with the Bunsen burner. Bunsen burner not included.
PIRA Code(s): 4A30.20 Set up time:2 minutes Operation: Try putting the ring around the ball. At room temperature the ring is slightly larger than the ball. Heat the ball over a Bunsen burner and it will no longer fit through the ring. Physics and Science Concepts: Thermodynamics, Thermal Properties of Matter, Thermal Expansion Safety: Use caution when using a Bunsen burner. The Bunsen burner is not included in the experiment.
PIRA Code(s): 4E30.10 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Fill sphere with water and submerge in buckets of water or liquid nitrogen at different temperatures. Dewar of liquid nitrogen and bucket can be obtained in the physics machine shop. Physics and Science Concepts: Gas Laws, Thermodynamics Safety: Always wear protective clothing when handling liquid nitrogen.
PIRA Code(s): 5A20.20 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Charge the rod by rubbing it the through the cloth provide or on your shirt. Hold the rod near a pith ball. The two balls will repel each other. The PVC gives a positive charge and the acrylic rod gives negative charge. Physics and Science Concepts: Electrostatics, Coulomb’s Law Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 5A50.10 Set up time:2 minutes Operation: Place the four (two large, two small) balls on the poles in the front about 1 inch apart. Turn the crank. Physics and Science Concepts: Electrostatics Safety: Do not touch any metal portions of the generator
PIRA Code(s): 5B30.20 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Use the Van der Graaf or Wimshurst generator to charge the ovoid. Touch a proof plane to the pointed end of the ovoid and another to the spherical end. Place the proof planes on the electroscope plate. The deflection will be greater from the proof plane that touched the pointed end. Physics and Science Concepts: Electrostatics, Surface Charge Density Safety: Electroscope can be obtained from demonstration number 5A22.22.
PIRA Code(s): 5C10.20 Set up time:none Operation: Charge the plates using the Van de Graaff. Disconnect wire going from top of sphere to fixed plate at plate end. Change the spacing of a charged parallel plate capacitor while it is attached to an electroscope. Observe changes in electroscope pointer. Physics and Science Concepts: Capacitance Safety: Electroscope can be obtained from demo 5A22.22. The Van de Graaff can be obtained from demo 5A50.30.
PIRA Code(s): 5E40.20 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Pour sulfuric acid into the glass container. Wait 5 minutes for the reaction to take place between the dissimilar metals. Place the voltmeter on the overhead and display the voltage generated in the cell. Physics and Science Concepts: Electromotive Force and Current Safety: Be careful around acid. Gloves and goggles should be worn when handling acid.
PIRA Code(s): 5H30.10 Set up time:2 minutes Operation: Plug in the cathode ray tube. Deflect the beam of the CRT by holding a permanent magnet near the edge of the tube. If the beam disappears, you are holding the magnet too close. Also, you can deflect the beam by attaching a battery to the binding posts and adjusting the variable control knob. Physics and Science Concepts: Magnetic Fields and Forces Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 5K10.20 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Hook the leads from the galvanometer to the induction coil. Place a magnet in front of the coil. Turn the crank and the needle on the galvanometer should move. The connection between the galvanometer and the loop changes polarity every half turn. Physics and Science Concepts: Electromagnetic Induction, Electricity and Magnetism Safety: Magnet is extremely strong so do not place metal objects near it.
PIRA Code(s): 5K20.10 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Set up the pole with the right angle clamp and pendulum. Place the permanent magnet so that the copper sheet is in between the two magnet sides. Swing the full copper sheet swing through the magnet. Watch as it damps out quickly. The, flip the pendulum so that the copper comb side is swinging through the magnet. Watch how it swings as if the magnet is not even there. Physics and Science Concepts: Electromagnetic Induction, Eddy Currents Safety: Stand to the side of the pendulum as it swings, not directly in the path.