PIRA Code(s): 1D15.45 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Place balls of equal mass and size at the top of the tracks, one at the cycloid, one at the parabola, and one at the straight track. Let the balls roll down, the cycloid ball will arrive first. Then, place two balls on the cycloid track, one at the top and one a little ways down. The two balls will reach the end at the same time. Physics and Science Concepts: Motion in Two Dimensions Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 1D60.10 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Press down on the inside of the cup. Turn the cart over, and stick the pin in the hole that protrudes from the bottom of the cart. Place the ball inside the cup. Then, push the car at a constant velocity as you gently pull the string. The ball should pop up and land in the cup again. Physics and Science Concepts: Mechanics, Motion in Two Dimensions, Projectile Motion Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 1D60.20 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Mount apparatus to ring stand using clamp, adjust until apparatus is horizontal, cock the apparatus spring, and place the masses (one at the end of the apparatus and one on the bar that extends from the apparatus), release, and one ball will fall from rest (hung on the rod) while the other ball is struck by the rod and has an initial horizontal velocity. The balls should hit the table at the same time, which can be heard clearly by students. Repeat by cocking spring to different compression. Repeat by clamping apparatus at a different height to show that height has no effect on the simultaneity of the fall. Physics and Science Concepts: Projectile Motion Safety: Once spring is compressed, do not put hands in front of the end of the rod.
PIRA Code(s): 1D60.30 Set up time:10 minutes Operation: Set up two ring stands about 8 feet apart. Put the blow gun in the clamp on one stand with the power cords to the inside of the set up. Attach the pole with the magnet to the other ring stand. Place the ball into the blow gun. Switch the power supply on which connects the circuit and then place the monkey (band aid box) on to the magnet, upside down. Make sure the blow gun is aimed directly at the broad side of the monkey. Now, blow into the blow gun to release the ball and break the circuit, thus causing the monkey to fall. The ball should hit the monkey as it falls. Physics and Science Concepts: Projectile Motion, Gravity, and Mechanics Safety: Do not turn power supply on before inserting the ball into the blow gun, due to possible electrocution.
Not all pieces (ring stand, 5 V ½ Amp DC power supply, and clamps) are in the kit, these items need to be acquired.
PIRA Code(s): 1G20.45 Set up time:2 minutes Operation: Hold a slinky in your hand high enough so that when it falls it will not touch the floor. Still holding the top of the slinky, let the rest drop down towards the ground. Physics and Science Concepts: Newton’s Second Law Safety: Ends of slinky may be sharp or become tangled
PIRA Code(s): 1L20.40 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Remove pieces from the cone to show different conic sections. Physics and Science Concepts: Gravity Safety: Nails that connect pieces may be sharp.
PIRA Code(s): 1Q40.40 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Place the train on the track. Plug the track into the variac and start the train by moving the dial. Physics and Science Concepts: Mechanics, Angular Momentum, Rotational Dynamics, Angular Momentum, Relative Motion Safety: Watch for sparks from the train. Maintain a cautious distance from the wheel.
PIRA Code(s): 3A10.40 Set up time:none Operation: Push the pendulum so that it swings back and forth at an angle of about 0 º. Then, slowly increase the angle, and watch the frequency decrease. For a more effective demonstration, start the pendulum at a relatively high angle, and then decrease the angle of the plane of oscillation so that the frequency of the pendulum will increase over time. Physics and Science Concepts: Oscillations Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 5C30.40 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Jars can be charged with either the Wimshurst generator (5A50.10) or Van de Graaf generator (5A50.30). Charge Leyden jars in parallel and discharge, charge in parallel again and connect in series before discharging. The intensity of the sparks as well as their duration is much greater for the series connection. Physics and Science Concepts: Electricity and Magnetism, Capacitance Safety: Do not touch the charged capacitor. Make sure the jar is discharged before storing or touching.
PIRA Code(s): 6A20.45 Set up time:none Operation: Use the different types of mirrors to compare reflection. Physics and Science Concepts: Geometrical Optics, Reflection Safety: Do not shine bright light into mirror.