PIRA Code(s): 1M20.10 Set up time:none Operation: These may be used by themselves or with other demonstrations. Physics and Science Concepts: Mechanics, Mechanical Advantage, Simple Machines Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 1M20.30 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Set the empty friction box on the incline with weights attached to the string on the other side of the pulley so that the box slides forward. Then, gradually increase the angle of the plane until the box and the weights reach equilibrium. Physics and Science Concepts: Equilibrium of forces, Mechanics, Work and Energy Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 1Q40.23 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Place the shaft of the device into the hole and tighten the screw. Then, plug in the motor and turn on the red switch. When spun, the hoops will show oblation, the balls on the governor will move outwards, and the liquid in the glass sphere will move to the edge of the sphere. Physics and Science Concepts: Rotational Dynamics, Centrifugal Force, Oblation Safety: Wear goggles when running the apparatus and keep hands away from the belt.
PIRA Code(s): 1Q40.30, 1Q50.24 Set up time:3 minutes Operation: Stand on the stool as it remains still. Have someone start the motor and place the bicycle wheel next to it to get it to start spinning. Take the spinning wheel in your hands and turn the wheel in a horizontal position and you should spin. When the wheel is placed vertical again, you will spin the opposite direction.
Use the motor to start the wheel spinning. Hold on to the cord attached to the axle and the wheel will remain vertical. Physics and Science Concepts: Mechanics, Rotational Dynamics Safety: Do not get items caught in the motor or the spokes of the tire. Hold wheel out from the body as far as possible
PIRA Code(s): 1Q40.40 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Place the train on the track. Plug the track into the variac and start the train by moving the dial. Physics and Science Concepts: Mechanics, Angular Momentum, Rotational Dynamics, Angular Momentum, Relative Motion Safety: Watch for sparks from the train. Maintain a cautious distance from the wheel.
PIRA Code(s): 1Q40.42 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Instructions included in box. Must obtain ring stand and clamp from 9C40.71 and 9C40.72, respectively. A known weight attached to a string around the wheel torques the wheel a constant amount. Physics and Science Concepts: Moment of Inertia, Mechanics Safety: Use caution around spinning wheel.
PIRA Code(s): 1Q40.80 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Partially fill flask with water. Attach flask by string to ring stand. Then, use a Bunsen burner or a torch to heat the flask. The flask should rotate as the steam emerges from the arm. Physics and Science Concepts: Rotational Dynamics, Conservation of Angular Momentum, Safety: Use caution around Bunsen burner or torch. Do not overheat the glass as it may shatter. Eye protection should be worn. The torch can be acquired from the machine shop if necessary.
PIRA Code(s): 5F20.50 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: First, attach the metal rods to the battery by unscrewing the black caps and place the rods around the screws. Then replace the caps. Next, clip one light bulb on the metal rods to show a circuit with a single light bulb. To show series circuits, clip two bulbs together and place the end of each clip on opposite rods. To show parallel circuits, clip each bulb separately to the rods. The bulbs in series will glow less brightly than the bulbs in parallel. Physics and Science Concepts: Parallel and series circuits Safety: The ends of the rods pose an eye hazard.
PIRA Code(s): 5G50.50 Set up time:2 minutes Operation: A superconductor disc is placed in a styrofoam dish and liquid nitrogen is added to the dish. A small magnet is placed on top and within a few seconds it begins to levitate. Physics and Science Concepts: Superconductivity, Magnetic Materials Safety: Liquid Nitrogen can be obtained from the machine shop.
PIRA Code(s): 5L20.14 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Plug in the circuit. Flip the switch that says line and then put the lever to the automatic side for the whole lamp to light up. Flip the line switch again and move the lever to the middle. Put the line switch on again and move the lever to the manual side. This will heat up the filament. Then move the lever a little away from the manual side for the entire light to be lit. Physics and Science Concepts: AC Circuits Safety: None