PIRA Code(s): 3A10.40 Set up time:none Operation: Push the pendulum so that it swings back and forth at an angle of about 0 º. Then, slowly increase the angle, and watch the frequency decrease. For a more effective demonstration, start the pendulum at a relatively high angle, and then decrease the angle of the plane of oscillation so that the frequency of the pendulum will increase over time. Physics and Science Concepts: Oscillations Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 3B30.30 Set up time:10 minutes (5 minutes to pump the bell jar) Operation: Plug in the pump and attach the clear tube of the pump to the valve. Turn the switch on the power supply to ascertain that the alarm is working properly. Then, pump out the air inside the bell jar. It will take about 5 minutes to obtain a low enough air pressure so that the alarm will not sound. Turn the alarm on and slowly open the valve, allowing the air pressure in the bell jar to increase. The sound of the alarm will also gradually increase. Physics and Science Concepts: Sound waves Safety: A glass jar containing a vacuum can be extremely hazardous if broken.
PIRA Code(s): 4A30.10 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Use a Bunsen burner to heat a bimetal strip and it will bend Physics and Science Concepts: Thermodynamics, Thermal Properties of Matter, Thermal Expansion Safety: Use caution when dealing with the Bunsen burner. Bunsen burner not included.
PIRA Code(s): 4E30.10 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Fill sphere with water and submerge in buckets of water or liquid nitrogen at different temperatures. Dewar of liquid nitrogen and bucket can be obtained in the physics machine shop. Physics and Science Concepts: Gas Laws, Thermodynamics Safety: Always wear protective clothing when handling liquid nitrogen.