PIRA Code(s): 3A10.40 Set up time:none Operation: Push the pendulum so that it swings back and forth at an angle of about 0 º. Then, slowly increase the angle, and watch the frequency decrease. For a more effective demonstration, start the pendulum at a relatively high angle, and then decrease the angle of the plane of oscillation so that the frequency of the pendulum will increase over time. Physics and Science Concepts: Oscillations Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 3B20.11 Set up time:2 minutes Operation: Lay the slinky down on the ground and push it back and forth lengthwise to make longitudinal waves. Physics and Science Concepts: Longitudinal Waves Safety: Ends of slinky may be sharp or may tangle.
PIRA Code(s): 3B30.30 Set up time:10 minutes (5 minutes to pump the bell jar) Operation: Plug in the pump and attach the clear tube of the pump to the valve. Turn the switch on the power supply to ascertain that the alarm is working properly. Then, pump out the air inside the bell jar. It will take about 5 minutes to obtain a low enough air pressure so that the alarm will not sound. Turn the alarm on and slowly open the valve, allowing the air pressure in the bell jar to increase. The sound of the alarm will also gradually increase. Physics and Science Concepts: Sound waves Safety: A glass jar containing a vacuum can be extremely hazardous if broken.
PIRA Code(s): 3D32.15 Set up time:No setup required. Operation: First, slide blow into the mouthpiece located at the top of the whistle. Next, move the piston to create different frequencies. If you have trouble moving the piston and blowing into the whistle simultaneously, have another person work the piston. Physics and Science Concepts: Waves, Oscillations, Frequency, Pitch Safety: Do not blow too hard or for extended periods of time as this may cause dizziness or headaches. Clean the mouthpiece in between use.