PIRA Code(s): 1D60.30 Set up time:10 minutes Operation: Set up two ring stands about 8 feet apart. Put the blow gun in the clamp on one stand with the power cords to the inside of the set up. Attach the pole with the magnet to the other ring stand. Place the ball into the blow gun. Switch the power supply on which connects the circuit and then place the monkey (band aid box) on to the magnet, upside down. Make sure the blow gun is aimed directly at the broad side of the monkey. Now, blow into the blow gun to release the ball and break the circuit, thus causing the monkey to fall. The ball should hit the monkey as it falls. Physics and Science Concepts: Projectile Motion, Gravity, and Mechanics Safety: Do not turn power supply on before inserting the ball into the blow gun, due to possible electrocution.
Not all pieces (ring stand, 5 V ½ Amp DC power supply, and clamps) are in the kit, these items need to be acquired.
PIRA Code(s): 1M20.30 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Set the empty friction box on the incline with weights attached to the string on the other side of the pulley so that the box slides forward. Then, gradually increase the angle of the plane until the box and the weights reach equilibrium. Physics and Science Concepts: Equilibrium of forces, Mechanics, Work and Energy Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 1Q20.99 Set up time:3 minutes Operation: Take the arm and put it in the slots on the trebuchet. Put the projectile into the green pouch and place the string around the end of the rod. Stick the pin through the three eyelets on he arm and base of the apparatus. Then load the counterweight onto the end of the arm near the wheels. Pull the string to launch the trebuchet. Physics and Science Concepts: Mechanics, Rotational Energy Safety: Do not attempt to catch the projectile. Stay out of the projectile’s path. Stand clear of the swinging arm. The trebuchet is capable of flinging projectiles 20 meters or more, so choose projectiles and counterweights wisely. Safety glasses must be worn when operating.
PIRA Code(s): 1Q40.30, 1Q50.24 Set up time:3 minutes Operation: Stand on the stool as it remains still. Have someone start the motor and place the bicycle wheel next to it to get it to start spinning. Take the spinning wheel in your hands and turn the wheel in a horizontal position and you should spin. When the wheel is placed vertical again, you will spin the opposite direction.
Use the motor to start the wheel spinning. Hold on to the cord attached to the axle and the wheel will remain vertical. Physics and Science Concepts: Mechanics, Rotational Dynamics Safety: Do not get items caught in the motor or the spokes of the tire. Hold wheel out from the body as far as possible
PIRA Code(s): 1Q50.30 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Rotational Dynamics, Mechanics, Gyroscopic Motion Physics and Science Concepts: Rotational Dynamics, Mechanics, Gyroscopic Motion Safety: The central gyroscope is quite heavy and can pinch fingers.
PIRA Code(s): 2B30.30 Set up time:3 minutes Operation: Place the two halves together. Put the vacuum pump on the valve and evacuate the air inside. Try to separate the pieces. Vacuum pump not included; it must be obtained from demo 3B30.30. Physics and Science Concepts: Fluid Mechanics, Statics of Fluids Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 3B30.30 Set up time:10 minutes (5 minutes to pump the bell jar) Operation: Plug in the pump and attach the clear tube of the pump to the valve. Turn the switch on the power supply to ascertain that the alarm is working properly. Then, pump out the air inside the bell jar. It will take about 5 minutes to obtain a low enough air pressure so that the alarm will not sound. Turn the alarm on and slowly open the valve, allowing the air pressure in the bell jar to increase. The sound of the alarm will also gradually increase. Physics and Science Concepts: Sound waves Safety: A glass jar containing a vacuum can be extremely hazardous if broken.
PIRA Code(s): 5A50.30 Set up time:10 minutes Operation: Plug in the generator. Turn on the rocker switch and adjust speed using potentiometer on the base of the Van de Graaff.
Other suggested uses include combining this with other electrostatic demonstrations found under a 5A50 heading. Also, throwing packing peanuts or taping strips of paper to the Van de Graaff are popular demonstrations. Physics and Science Concepts: Static Electricity, Friction Safety: The rod works best on dry days with the blue wig. Care should be taken when operating. Do not approach the generator while it is running. Use the grounding rod to discharge.
PIRA Code(s): 5H10.30 Set up time:3 minutes Operation: Place the magnet under the piece of paper and on the overhead. Sprinkle iron filings over the magnet and the filings should align with the magnetic field. Physics and Science Concepts: Magnetic Fields and Forces Safety: An overhead can be obtained from demonstration 9A36.10.
PIRA Code(s): 5K20.30 Set up time:2 minutes Operation: Set up the apparatus so that the silver pole sticks above the platform a few inches. Place a full ring around the tube and turn the apparatus on. This will make the ring jump into the air. Turn off the machine then, place the split ring around the pole, turn on the machine and this will not do anything. Resistive heating can be demonstrated by holding the full rings down and feeling them heat up. Next, turn off the machine, place the copper coil around the pole and press down on the copper rod sticking off the coil to create sparks. Also, place the light bulb circuit ring against the flat top part of the pole and watch it light up. Physics and Science Concepts: Lenz law, Electromagnetic Induction, Eddy Currents Safety: Do not place apparatus directly under a light. Do not stand above machine when the rings jump. Do not hold the full ring down too long, you may get burned.
PIRA Code(s): 6A40.99 Set up time:none Operation: Shine a focused beam of light at one of the facets of the prism. Light is refracted and split into its constituent wavelengths (i.e. Colors of the rainbow). These can be used with various other optical experiments. Physics and Science Concepts: Optics, Refraction Safety: Edges and corners may be sharp
PIRA Code(s): 3B10.30 Set up time:none Operation: Displace the rod at one end to create a torsion pulse or wave. The other end can be left free to move, fixed in place, or critically damped. To damp the model, clip the damping cup to the last rod on one end to get an inverse reflex wave. The damping clip on the rod ends the wave entirely. Physics and Science Concepts: Torsion Waves, Waves and Oscillations Safety: None