PIRA Code(s): 3A10.20 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Move the weight along the hacksaw blade. Pull back on the blade and release. When the weight is at the top of the blade the frequency is smaller compared to when the weight is at the bottom. Physics and Science Concepts: Oscillations Safety: Edge of blade may be sharp.
PIRA Code(s): 3A10.40 Set up time:none Operation: Push the pendulum so that it swings back and forth at an angle of about 0 º. Then, slowly increase the angle, and watch the frequency decrease. For a more effective demonstration, start the pendulum at a relatively high angle, and then decrease the angle of the plane of oscillation so that the frequency of the pendulum will increase over time. Physics and Science Concepts: Oscillations Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 3D32.15 Set up time:No setup required. Operation: First, slide blow into the mouthpiece located at the top of the whistle. Next, move the piston to create different frequencies. If you have trouble moving the piston and blowing into the whistle simultaneously, have another person work the piston. Physics and Science Concepts: Waves, Oscillations, Frequency, Pitch Safety: Do not blow too hard or for extended periods of time as this may cause dizziness or headaches. Clean the mouthpiece in between use.
PIRA Code(s): 4A30.20 Set up time:2 minutes Operation: Try putting the ring around the ball. At room temperature the ring is slightly larger than the ball. Heat the ball over a Bunsen burner and it will no longer fit through the ring. Physics and Science Concepts: Thermodynamics, Thermal Properties of Matter, Thermal Expansion Safety: Use caution when using a Bunsen burner. The Bunsen burner is not included in the experiment.
PIRA Code(s): 4C33.50 Set up time:No setup required Operation: Hold one bulb in your hand so that it forces the liquid to enter the other bulb. Physics and Science Concepts: Change of State, Vapor Pressure Safety: Do not grasp too tightly as the glass may break.
PIRA Code(s): 5A20.20 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Charge the rod by rubbing it the through the cloth provide or on your shirt. Hold the rod near a pith ball. The two balls will repel each other. The PVC gives a positive charge and the acrylic rod gives negative charge. Physics and Science Concepts: Electrostatics, Coulomb’s Law Safety: None
PIRA Code(s): 5A50.10 Set up time:2 minutes Operation: Place the four (two large, two small) balls on the poles in the front about 1 inch apart. Turn the crank. Physics and Science Concepts: Electrostatics Safety: Do not touch any metal portions of the generator
PIRA Code(s): 5A50.30 Set up time:10 minutes Operation: Plug in the generator. Turn on the rocker switch and adjust speed using potentiometer on the base of the Van de Graaff.
Other suggested uses include combining this with other electrostatic demonstrations found under a 5A50 heading. Also, throwing packing peanuts or taping strips of paper to the Van de Graaff are popular demonstrations. Physics and Science Concepts: Static Electricity, Friction Safety: The rod works best on dry days with the blue wig. Care should be taken when operating. Do not approach the generator while it is running. Use the grounding rod to discharge.
PIRA Code(s): 5B30.20 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Use the Van der Graaf or Wimshurst generator to charge the ovoid. Touch a proof plane to the pointed end of the ovoid and another to the spherical end. Place the proof planes on the electroscope plate. The deflection will be greater from the proof plane that touched the pointed end. Physics and Science Concepts: Electrostatics, Surface Charge Density Safety: Electroscope can be obtained from demonstration number 5A22.22.
PIRA Code(s): 5C10.20 Set up time:none Operation: Charge the plates using the Van de Graaff. Disconnect wire going from top of sphere to fixed plate at plate end. Change the spacing of a charged parallel plate capacitor while it is attached to an electroscope. Observe changes in electroscope pointer. Physics and Science Concepts: Capacitance Safety: Electroscope can be obtained from demo 5A22.22. The Van de Graaff can be obtained from demo 5A50.30.
PIRA Code(s): 5C30.40 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: Jars can be charged with either the Wimshurst generator (5A50.10) or Van de Graaf generator (5A50.30). Charge Leyden jars in parallel and discharge, charge in parallel again and connect in series before discharging. The intensity of the sparks as well as their duration is much greater for the series connection. Physics and Science Concepts: Electricity and Magnetism, Capacitance Safety: Do not touch the charged capacitor. Make sure the jar is discharged before storing or touching.
PIRA Code(s): 5E40.20 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Pour sulfuric acid into the glass container. Wait 5 minutes for the reaction to take place between the dissimilar metals. Place the voltmeter on the overhead and display the voltage generated in the cell. Physics and Science Concepts: Electromotive Force and Current Safety: Be careful around acid. Gloves and goggles should be worn when handling acid.
PIRA Code(s): 5F20.50 Set up time:5 minutes Operation: First, attach the metal rods to the battery by unscrewing the black caps and place the rods around the screws. Then replace the caps. Next, clip one light bulb on the metal rods to show a circuit with a single light bulb. To show series circuits, clip two bulbs together and place the end of each clip on opposite rods. To show parallel circuits, clip each bulb separately to the rods. The bulbs in series will glow less brightly than the bulbs in parallel. Physics and Science Concepts: Parallel and series circuits Safety: The ends of the rods pose an eye hazard.
PIRA Code(s): 5G50.50 Set up time:2 minutes Operation: A superconductor disc is placed in a styrofoam dish and liquid nitrogen is added to the dish. A small magnet is placed on top and within a few seconds it begins to levitate. Physics and Science Concepts: Superconductivity, Magnetic Materials Safety: Liquid Nitrogen can be obtained from the machine shop.
PIRA Code(s): 5K10.20 Set up time:1 minute Operation: Hook the leads from the galvanometer to the induction coil. Place a magnet in front of the coil. Turn the crank and the needle on the galvanometer should move. The connection between the galvanometer and the loop changes polarity every half turn. Physics and Science Concepts: Electromagnetic Induction, Electricity and Magnetism Safety: Magnet is extremely strong so do not place metal objects near it.