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Survey of the development of physical ideas, from observations of the heavens and calculations of planetary positions by the ancient Egyptians, Babylonians, and Greeks, and the development of natural philosophy, to the revolutionary discoveries from the 16th century onward by Galileo, Newton, Einstein, etc. Attention to individual contributions by scientists from a wide variety of geographical and ethnic backgrounds, and to international collaborations on large scientific projects in the modern world.


Section satisfies A&S writing requirement